Welcome back to another travel addition with us! Today we travel to the awesome city of Cuiabá in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso
A little history
Cuiabá was founded on January 1, 1727 by Rodrigo César de Menezes, then the “captain” of the captaincy of São Paulo in the aftermath of the discovery of gold mines. The Rosário Church built at the time in the centre of the little town marked the location of a rich seam of gold. However, in 1746 much of the town was destroyed by an earthquake.
It was given township status in 1818 and became the state capital in 1835.
From the late eighteenth century, until the time of the Paraguayan War (1864-1870), the town remained small and was in decline. The war, however, brought some infrastructure and a brief period of economic boom, with Cuiabá supplying sugar, foodstuffs and timber to the Brazilian troops.
After the war, the town was once again forgotten by the rest of the country, to such an extent that the Imperial and later the Republican governments of Brazil used to use it as a site of exile for troublesome politicians. Isolation allowed it to preserve many of the oldest Brazilian ways of life until well into the twentieth century.
Starting in 1930, the isolation was diminished, with the construction of roads and later with the advent of aviation. The town became a city and would grow quite rapidly from 1960 onwards, after the establishment of the newly built Brazilian capital in Brasilia.
View of Cuiabá.
In the 1970s and 1980s, the pace of growth would continue to increase as agriculture became commercialized, using the roads to transport soybeans and rice produced in the state in order to be sold abroad. The growth was such that from 1960 to 1980 the small town of 50,000 inhabitants grew into a giant, with more than a quarter of a million inhabitants (including those from the surrounding area and towns).
Since 1990, the rate of population growth has decreased, as other towns in the state have begun to attract more immigration than the capital. Tourism has emerged as a source of income and environmental issues have become a concern for the first time.
Source = Wikipedia
So what’s there to see?
With its its own little collection of museums and carnival, this place will give you the sweet culture that Brazil is made of. Museums to visit are:
- Museum Hill of the Box Of water;
- Memorial of Mato Grosso;
- Museum of the Image and Sound of Cuiabá;
- Artisan’s home;
- Museum of Rio Cuiabá and Municipal Aquarius;
- Memorial of the Waters;
- Museum of the Education and Teatro Maria of Arruda Müller;
- Museum of Sacred Art of Cuiabá;
- Museu Couto Magalhães;
- Memorial Papa João Paulo II;
- Historical and Geographical institute of Mato Grosso and Museu Barão of Melgaço;
- Institute of the Historical and Environmental Patrimony National–Cuiabá;
- Palace of the Instruction;
- Museum of the History of Mato Grosso;
- Cine Teatro of Cuiabá and Museum of the Movies;
SESC/Arsenal and Museum of the Swampland
The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. As with other capitals in Brazil, there are parties everywhere (os Bailes de Carnaval). Also like many other cities in Brazil, Cuiabá holds its own off-season Carnaval (“Carnaval fora de época”, or “micareta”), called Micarecuia
But more excitingly…we all looking forward to the World Cup 2014!
Cuiabá is one of 12 cities chosen to host games of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, which takes place in Brazil. The games will be played at the Arena Pantanal, a stadium currently being constructed (due to finish 2014), with a capacity of 42,968. The stadium will only hold group matches. In total, four games will take place in the stadium.
We hope you all enjoyed our little travel for today and tune in next week for even more exciting travel spots from us!